Colonialism and the expansion of European settlers from the Cape and Natal into the interior set the stage for conflicts between settlers and the indigenous peoples their migrations displaced, and later wars for independence. The Voortrekker-Zulu conflicts, Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 and First and Second Anglo-Boer Wars of 1880-1881 and 1899-1902 respectively have left battlefields, landmarks and graves from the Free State to Mpumalanga to KwaZulu-Natal. Guided tours of these places bring to life these conflicts which shaped the formation of South Africa as it is today.


  • Visit Isandlwana, the Sphinx-like hill where the Zulu nation so famously defeated the British Army. Cairns now litter the battlefield, which is an eerie and sobering place to visit
  • Learn of the death of the Prince Imperial of France in 1879, killed in a skirmish with a group of Zulus, thus ending his family’s line.
  • Visit the Blood River Battlefield, where in 1838 a Voortrekker Commando of 464 men successfully fought off 12 000 Zulu warriors.